Understanding the Standards of Apprenticeship:

The Standards of Apprenticeship—often referred to as ‘standards’ spell out the nuts and bolts of your apprenticeship program—the occupational focus, how your company will select apprentices, the type of training that is covered on the job and in the classroom, and how apprentices will be evaluated. A registered apprenticeship program must adhere to the following standards:

  • The starting age of an apprentice to be not less than 16
  • Equal Opportunity Employment
  • Selection of apprentices on the basis of qualifications alone
  • Apprentice receives training and experience on the job
  • Organized training and learning
  • A progressive wage schedule
  • Assigned supervision
  • Standardized evaluations
  • Training records are maintained
  • Mentor-mentee relationship
  • Certification/Certificate of Completion


Additionally, Standards of Apprenticeship in both Ohio and Pennsylvania call for the following:

  • Identification of the Sponsor
  • List of occupations (ONET codes) associated with the Apprenticeship
  • Definitions of terms used in the Standards
  • The application procedure
  • Selection procedures
  • Provision on the awarding of credit for previous experience
  • Defined probationary period
  • Work Process – On-the-job training (OJT) or on-the-job learning (OJL)
  • Related Technical Instruction (RTI) or Related Instruction (RI)
  • Defined progression steps and wages
  • Ratio of apprentices to journeyworkers
  • Complaint procedures
  • Apprenticeship Agreements
  • Safety & Health Training
  • Hours and conditions of work
  • Continuous employment
  • Cancellation of apprenticeship agreement
  • Program registration/notice of registration agency
  • Affirmative Action Plan


For a detailed explanation of these elements, please refer to the Appendix “Annotated Standards of Apprenticeship.”

If you are interested in the group sponsored model, your company will adopt the Standards of Apprenticeship registered by MVMC. If you are interested in developing an individual apprenticeship, we can assist you in defining the standards that are right for your company and connect you with the appropriate state officials to ensure your standards meet the requirements of your state.

In addition to the Standards of Apprenticeship discussed above, each registered apprenticeship must define the Work Processes or Core Competencies that will be learned through on the job training (OJT) as well as the curriculum for Related Technical Instruction (RTI; also sometimes referred to as Related Instruction or RI). Elements of OJT and RTI are determined based upon the occupation and key competencies (knowledge, skills, and abilities) needed to do the job.

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